When we err and are hardened towards sin, God chastens us in order to correct us and lead us in the truth.
Why Does He Chasten-Because He loves us and deals with us as His sons.
-It is meant for construction and not for destruction. 2Cor.13:10
-Rev.3:19; Heb.12:6 - The Lord chastens whom He loves.
-Heb.12:7 - The Lord chastens His sons.
Ways of Chastening-Rod and Rebuke (Proverbs 29:15)
-Through His servants (Psalm 141:5; 1Tim.5:20; 2Tim.4:2; Tit.1:13; 2:15)
-Through His Word (2Tim.3:16)
-With the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men (2 Samuel 7:14; Hos.10:10)
-Sword, Famine, Pestilence (national) (2 Sam. 24:13; 2Ch. 20:9; Jer. 11:22; 14:12,13; 15:2; 21:9; 24:10; 27:8,13; 29:17,18; 32:36; 34:17; 38:2; 42:17,22; 44:13; Eze. 6:11,12; 12:16)
-Infirmity, Sickness (1Cor.11:30, 32; James 5:14-16)
-Inner agony and sensing the displeasure of God and God's silence towards our prayers (guilt, lack of peace, etc) (Psalm 6:1-3, 6; 38:1ff.; Eph.4:30; 1Pet.3:7)
Our Response to Chastening-Repent from our sins
-Turn completely to God
-Surrender to His will
-Obey what He commands